Make Fry Bread

  • Children icon Age: 0 to 8+
  • Clock icon Time: 1 hour+
  • Leaf icon Materials: flour, baking powder, sugar, salt, oil, water, stick (if roasting over a campfire)
Made from a variety of ingredients that could include moss, lichen, ground plant bulbs, nut meal, cornmeal and cattail pollen, fry bread (also called bannock bread) has been a staple food among some Indigenous peoples of North America for generations. The story and history behind fry bread holds deep cultural significance for many Native families. In honor of Indigenous People’s Day on October 10th, we share a recipe for one version of fry bread that kids can help make over a campfire or at home. 

This activity is featured in our October Activity Calendar. If you do not yet have your free copy, get it here.

The Guide

Get inspiration from a story:

We love the book Fry Bread: A Native American Family Story by Kevin Noble Maillard (Seminole), and illustrated by Juana Martinez-Neal, depicting a modern family making, enjoying, and remembering the rich history of this traditional food and the importance it holds in the community. Read the book together or watch the author’s video read aloud here.

Model curiosity: 

Learn about the native people or peoples who are indigenous to the land where you live. You can try using an app like to enter your zip code and find out which Indigenous People live, or historically lived, in your area. You can let kids know that "We live on the ancestral home of" whichever people or peoples you discover. If you don't know about those native to your area, do some online searches to find out more about the specific peoples. Learn about where the names of local rivers, valleys or other land features came from and what they mean. Read more here about how your family can include native history in your outdoor adventures.

Make fry bread:

Fry bread can be made on the stove or over a campfire. Read here for tips on how to safely enjoy campfires with kids.

Step 1: Gather ingredients
For this recipe, you’ll need:
  • 2.5 cups flour
  • 2 tsp. baking powder
  • ½ tsp. sugar
  • ½ tsp. salt
  • 3 tbsp. oil
  • 1 cup water
  • Stick (if roasting over a campfire)

Step 2: Make the dough
  • Mix the dry ingredients, then add your wet ingredients. Knead the dough and continue adding a bit of water at a time until it forms a dough that does not stick to the hands. Kids will enjoy helping with measuring, mixing and kneading the dough, too!
    • Campfire Tip: If cooking at the campsite, mix the dry ingredients ahead of time and store in a container or resealable bag. When ready to cook at your campsite, add the oil and a bit of water and mix together.
  • Leave the dough to rest for 30 minutes.

Step 3: Mold the dough
  • Divide the dough into 6 portions.
  • If cooking at home: Form each section into a ball, then use the palm of your hand to lightly press down to flatten. 
  • If cooking over a campfire: Use the palm of your hand to roll each portion out into a long worm or shape. Then, wrap the dough around a stick.

Step 4: Cook the dough
  • If cooking at home: Place dough in a frying pan with a bit of oil or butter, flipping it to cook both sides until the dough is golden brown and cooked through. 
  • If cooking over a campfire: Roast the dough over the fire, turning frequently, until the fry bread is cooked through and brown. 


This delicious recipe can be enjoyed on its own, or sprinkled with cinnamon and/or sugar. 

Why is this activity great for kids?

Cooking with kids is a super way for kids to celebrate their own cooking traditions or learn about others. Sharing this book and activity helps kids stay curious and learn about the stories and history of the people native to the land on which they live. While cooking, every sense—even taste (hurrah!)—gets stimulated and engaged, turning on kids’ brains! Kids also have a chance to explore science concepts as they measure, mix and cook their food as well as seeing food appearance, texture and taste transform when it’s heated. 

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